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The mic was moved in different positions and a pop filter used, but plosives continued to sneak through. I also learned not to compress the recording too much, or the voice could sound horribly metallic. A lot of trial and error took place over the first few weeks. Journey into Recording an Audiobook. The recording took around a month, as test recordings took place. The mere shifting around of the mic affected the sound of the voice, and experimentation informed on how best to position the mic in relation to the speaker. The script was read through several times before the final recording was submitted to Audible.
Audible were very helpful, providing feedback for a sample recording. This was used before the chapters were uploaded onto Audible. The final lesson learned was to be patient. Audible take a week or so to process your audiobook before it appears for sale.
On the whole, producing an audiobook is a great experience. Look out for other audio books by Charles J Harwood to follow in due course. In the meantime, find articles to help other hopeful audio book narrators on what I learned during my experience in recording my first ever audiobook. No comments:. Newer Post Older Post Home. Subscribe to: Post Comments Atom. A menstruating woman was able to kill a swarm of bees or ward off hail and lightning. In Islam, menstruating women are forbidden to recite certain prayers and must refrain from vaginal intercourse.
In Judaism, too, menstruation can be a cause of ritual impurity, as can childbirth. Observant Jews and Muslims alike follow dietary laws that forbid the consumption of blood. Both kosher meat and halal meat must be drained of blood, and kosher meat is also salted, to remove any residue of the substance. A tiny blood spot in an egg renders it inedible. While believers accept these prohibitions as divine edicts to prove devotion, some scholars speculate that they developed as health measures to prevent spoilage of meat, which is accelerated through oxidation and bacterial growth.
These days, even meat that is not kosher or halal is drained of blood. Yet, despite the firm proscription against ingesting blood, one breakaway Jewish sect of the first century A. Its leader, Jesus of Nazareth, told his disciples that the bread and the wine at the Last Supper were his body and blood, and should be consumed thereafter in memory of him. The ritual of the Eucharist became a cornerstone of early Christianity, and with it the doctrine of transubstantiation—that a literal, not just figurative, transformation occurred during the sacrament.
Scholars have debated the reasons for this stark reversal—from forbidding the consumption of blood to sanctifying it as a bridge to the divine. Some speculate that, by the time of the Second Temple, many Jews were Hellenized, and early converts to Christianity were merely borrowing standard Dionysian rites.
He cites a letter from the mystic Catherine of Siena to a disciple, in which she presciently warns of schisms within the Catholic Church and invokes the Eucharist as a symbol of unity. The blood of martyrs was also believed to cure disease. The blood of St. Peter Martyr, who was killed by Cathar heretics in , was also accorded medicinal properties. Blood became a central feature of Christian iconography—the stigmata, the Sacred Heart—and also a notable element in Christian anti-Semitism.
In the late twelfth century, in England, a spate of pogroms occurred after Jews were accused of murdering Christian children to use their blood in the preparation of Passover matzo.
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The blood libel has proved startlingly resilient, recurring across medieval and early modern Europe, and reappearing in tsarist Russia in the early twentieth century. It has been revived as recently as last year—by Hamas, during its clashes with Israel. For millennia, the human body was understood as a vessel for a quartet of liquids: yellow bile, black bile, white phlegm, and red blood.
Each corresponded to one of the four classical elements—fire, earth, water, and air—from which it was thought everything in the cosmos was made. According to the second-century physician Galen, blood was made in the liver from food and drink carried from the digestive tract. Blood was believed to be constantly consumed by tissues and then replenished at each meal.
The primary function of the heart was to generate heat. Galen thought that the blood in the left side of the heart came directly from the right side through pores in the septum, or through leaks from the lungs. The key to good health was thought to be an ideal balance among the four humors. Danger arose if one predominated, so periodic voiding was crucial. For the most part, the body took care of this naturally: black bile, yellow bile, and phlegm were expelled through excrement, sweat, tears, and nasal discharge. But, other than menstruation, the body had no spontaneous way of getting rid of its blood, so, from ancient times until well into the modern era, bloodletting—using sharpened stones, fish teeth, and, later, lances and fleams—was a cornerstone of medical practice.
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Different blood vessels served different purposes. Bleeding the veins between the eyebrows was good for long-standing headache, cutting the veins under the tongue—only lengthways, otherwise it was difficult to stanch—was useful for angina or tonsillar abscess. Opening the sciatic vein relieved podagra and elephantiasis; menstrual problems were alleviated by cutting the saphenous vein. Some eat hamsters and frogs. The most common modern medical use of leeches is in plastic surgery, where they can be effective in draining swollen tissue after an operation.
Many of the benefits that people in past eras reported after being bled can probably be chalked up to the placebo effect, but the same can be said of many sophisticated treatments today. In pre-modern times, blood was not only a target of treatment but also a source of medicine. Drawing on a report by Pliny the Elder, he conjures a scene at the Colosseum:. He is drinking blood fresh from the wound. He suffers from epilepsy, and is using a widely known cure for his mysterious affliction.
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Gladiatorial combat declined in the fourth century, with the reign of Constantine, the first Christian emperor, but the consumption of human blood continued, with supplies coming instead from criminals at executions. When Pope Innocent VIII was dying, in , he was allegedly given the blood of three boys by a Jewish physician, in the hopes of channelling some of their youthful energy. Medical historians doubt the veracity of the story, which may have been an anti-Semitic slander.
Take human blood, put it in a glass phial and keep it covered in dung for forty days. Then take it out and put it inside a copper vessel and heat. Let it cool for a day and night. Then scoop off what is left on the top and is clear. Afterwards put what you have taken off in a glass lamp bowl and distill it through a filter. Once distilled, keep it, and mix the blood with the same quantity of ardent water aqua ardens , then distill the mixture in an alembic. The water that remains is better than all other waters in the world for healing wounds. Such beliefs persisted even into the early phase of the scientific revolution.
By then, the study of blood had begun to acquire a truly scientific basis.
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Even more remarkable is that he arrived at his discovery by empirical observation and induction—the core of the modern scientific method. Harvey drained the blood from sheep and pigs and discovered that the volume of the blood they contained was far greater than the volume of the food they had ingested.
He concluded that blood was not consumed and absorbed; it must, he reasoned, circulate continuously. In a public demonstration, Harvey sliced open a live snake to show how such circulation worked. When the vein to its heart was compressed, the heart shrank in size. Afterward, when the heart was cut open, its chambers contained no blood. Using tourniquets, Harvey further showed how veins became engorged and proved that the blood in them could move in only one direction, toward the heart.
Armed with that knowledge, physicians began to consider the possibility of blood transfusions. In , at the Royal Society, in London, Richard Lower presented the first scientific report on transfusion; he had transfused blood between two dogs, using a goose quill to connect an artery in the neck of one to the jugular vein in the neck of the other. A year later, French physicians introduced blood from a calf into the vein of a young man.
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